||The East India Company decided to set up separate civil and criminal courts in the districts.
||East India Railway ran the first passenger train from Calcutta to Hooghly in a distance of 37 km. However, it was officially inaugurated in 1885.
||Writer and litterateur Sri Aurobindo was born.
||Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was sworn in as the first Prime Minister of independent India.
||An earthquake of 8.6 magnitude killed 20 to 30 thousand people in India.
||Postal index number ie PIN code is implemented.
||The national program of nationwide color broadcasting and TV was inaugurated in Delhi.
||The ground-to-air missile Akash was successfully launched.
||It was founded on 15 August as part of the Indian Bank-Swadeshi movement.