Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Guru of Sikhism. Sikhism has a total of 10 Gurus, out of which Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the last and tenth Guru. The birth of Guru Gobind Singh is considered a very important day in Sikhism. Guru Gobind Singh's father was Guru Tegh Bahadur who was killed by Aurangzeb. Guru Gobind Singh's mother's name was Mata Gujri. Guru Gobind Singh childhood name was Gobind Rai. Guru Gobind Singh who was established as Sikhs at the age of 9.
He was born on December 22, 1666 in Patna, Bihar according to the Julian calendar. The Julian calendar is obsolete and no one uses it at the present time.
According to the Gregorian calendar, Guru Gobind was born on January 01, 1667. Either we follow the Julian or Gregorian calendar, the Hindu birth date of Guru Gobind falls on the same day. According to Hindu calendar it was Saptami, Paush, Shukla Paksha, 1723 Vikram Samvat when Guru Gobind Singh was born. There is no dispute of the date of birth of Guru Gobind Singh who often mixes with other Gurus and saints.
The place where Guru Gobind Singh was born is now Takhat Shri Harimander Ji Patna Sahib. In 1670, his family again moved to Punjab. In March 1672, his family moved to a place called Chak Nanaki, located in the Shivalik Hills of the Himalayas. Chak Nanaki is now called Anandpur Sahib. This is where his education started. He took Persian, Sanskrit lessons and learned military skills to become a warrior.
On 11 November 1675, Aurangzeb publicly beheaded his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, at Chandni Chowk in Delhi for not accepting Islam. After this, on the day of Vaishakhi, on 29 March 1676, Govind Singh was declared the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.
His education continued even after becoming the 10th Guru. Under education, he learned writing-reading, horse-riding and military skills, in 1684 he composed Chandi Di Vaar. Till 1685 he lived at a place called Paonta on the banks of river Yamuna.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji founded the Khalsa Panth. Guru Gobind Singh Ji died on 7 October 1708.