Ayurveda, India's ancient system of medicine, has classified food into three categories based on its properties and effects on the body. There are three categories of food we eat in Ayurveda: sattvic, rajasic and tamasic or it is also called sattvic, rajasic and tamasic food. These categories are known as the "three gunas" and are an essential part of Ayurvedic dietary principles.
Sattva: Sattva is associated with purity, harmony, and balance. Sattvic foods are considered to be the most beneficial for overall health and well-being. They promote clarity of mind, contentment, and a sense of lightness. Sattvic foods include fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, whole grains, legumes, herbs, and pure, clean water. These foods are considered to be the best choice for those seeking mental and spiritual growth and are often recommended for meditation and spiritual practices.
Rajas: Rajas is associated with activity, passion, and restlessness. Rajasic foods are thought to stimulate the mind and the body, and when consumed in moderation, they can be beneficial. However, excessive intake of Rajasic foods may lead to imbalances, hyperactivity, and irritability. Rajasic foods include spicy and pungent foods, stimulants like coffee and tea, and foods that are overly processed or refined.
Tamas: Tamas is associated with inertia, darkness, and heaviness. Tamasic foods are considered to be the least desirable as they can create dullness, lethargy, and mental stagnation. These foods are often heavy, greasy, and difficult to digest. Examples of Tamasic foods include deep-fried foods, heavily processed or stale foods, meat, alcohol, and foods with a high level of preservatives. Ayurveda suggests minimizing the consumption of Tamasic foods to maintain optimal health.
According to Ayurveda, each individual has a unique constitution or dosha (Vata, Pitta, or Kapha), and their dietary choices should be based on their specific doshic balance and the current state of their health. A balanced Ayurvedic diet should primarily consist of Sattvic foods, with moderate intake of Rajasic foods, and limited consumption of Tamasic foods to maintain overall well-being. It's important to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare provider to understand your dosha and get personalized dietary recommendations.