Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 - The Essence of Spirituality

The Bhagavad Gita, often referred to as the "Gita," is a sacred text of profound wisdom and spirituality. It consists of 18 chapters, each addressing various aspects of life, duty, and the path to spiritual realization. Chapter 15, titled "Purushottama Yoga," is one of the most significant chapters of the Gita. In this article, we will delve into the essence of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 and explore its teachings on the eternal and transient aspects of life.

Chapter 15 of the Bhagavad Gita takes place on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, where Lord Krishna imparts his divine knowledge to Arjuna, who is filled with doubts and dilemmas about his duty as a warrior. In this chapter, Lord Krishna uses the metaphor of a divine tree to convey profound spiritual truths.

The Metaphor of the Divine Tree

In the opening verses of Chapter 15, Lord Krishna describes a cosmic, eternal tree with its roots above and branches below, symbolizing the material and spiritual worlds. This tree is often called the "Ashvattha tree" or the "Peepal tree of life."

The Roots Above: Lord Krishna explains that the roots of this tree are above, representing the eternal and divine aspect of existence. It is the source of all creation, the Ultimate Reality, and the Supreme Being.

The Branches Below: The branches represent the material world, full of various life forms, desires, and attachments. These branches extend downwards into the cycle of birth and death, where all living beings are entangled.

The Nourishment: Lord Krishna states that the nourishment for this tree comes from the three modes of material nature—sattva (goodness), rajas (passion), and tamas (ignorance). These modes influence human behavior and actions.

The Essence of Chapter 15

The central theme of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 is the distinction between the eternal and the transient aspects of life. Lord Krishna emphasizes that the material world is temporary and filled with suffering, and it can only be transcended by seeking refuge in the eternal and divine reality.

Key Teachings

Seek the Eternal: Lord Krishna advises us to detach ourselves from the material world and seek refuge in the eternal, unchanging reality represented by the roots of the divine tree.

Overcome Attachment: Attachment to the transient world leads to suffering. By understanding the impermanence of worldly pleasures and possessions, we can free ourselves from this bondage.

Surrender to the Divine: Lord Krishna encourages us to surrender to the Supreme Being, acknowledging our dependence on the divine for liberation and spiritual growth.

Cultivate Spiritual Wisdom: Understanding the eternal and transient aspects of life requires spiritual wisdom. By cultivating knowledge and devotion, we can transcend material influences.


Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15, "Purushottama Yoga," offers profound insights into the nature of existence and the path to spiritual liberation. It teaches us to recognize the impermanence of the material world and to seek refuge in the eternal and divine reality. This chapter reminds us that by understanding the essence of life and our connection to the Supreme, we can attain spiritual enlightenment and liberation from the cycle of birth and death. It is a timeless guide for seekers of truth and spiritual wisdom, offering solace and guidance on life's profound journey.

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